Importation and Sale
of Cuban Works of Art
Attorney Robert Muse of Washington DC provided this legal opinion for the Cuban art and culture
conference regarding the legal import and sale of Cuban art in the United States.
Law Offices of Robert L. Muse
1320 19th Street NW Suite M-2
Washington DC, 20036
202 887 4990
May 12, 2010
Mr. Rob Sequin
Havana Journal, Inc.
P.O. Box 1525
South Dennis, MA 02660
Re: The Importation and Sale of Cuban Works of Art
Dear Mr. Sequin:
You have asked for a legal opinion on the U.S. laws and regulations that govern the purchase, importation and
resale of Cuban works of art. The statutory basis for the exemption given artworks under the U.S. embargo on Cuba
is Congressman Howard Berman’s Free Trade in Ideas Act.
The relevant regulations are found at 31 C.F.R. §515.206 and §515.332 of what are commonly defined as the Cuban
Asset Control Regulations.
The U.S. embargo on Cuba broadly prohibits the purchase or importation of any Cuban product. However, §515.206
explicitly exempts from the embargo what it terms “informational materials.” §515.332 defines informational
materials to include artworks. The definition of artworks includes paintings, sculpture and any other form of fine
A purchaser should keep in mind that the Cuban art must be fully created when acquired. That is, a U.S. citizen
may not commission a work of Cuban art. Otherwise he or she is free to pay for an object and import it into the
U.S. for commercial purposes (i.e. for resale), or any other purpose such as its exhibition (paid or unpaid) or
simply for private enjoyment.
One caveat: Afro-Cuban culture does not make the European fine art/functionality distinction. A Yoruba carved
drum, for example, is often considered a work of art by its Cuban creators and users. Unfortunately, the U.S.
Customs Service view is that if something is functional (e.g. a musical instrument or a piece of furniture) rather
than decorative, it does not qualify as artwork.
Robert L. Muse
You can view the original letter in pdf format here.